Aids Prevalence In Africa
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or commonly known as AIDS has almost been synonymous with Africa. From the very start, the very high prevalence and incidence of HIV and AIDS has contributed to the many deaths occurring in this region for decades now. It is approximated that a large percentage of the population is infected with either AIDS or HIV. Needless to say, that the disease has not learned to distinguish between a young mother or infant and almost all groups have serious levels of AIDS prevalence.
Southern Africa is the worst hit by AIDS among all the countries in the world. This dreaded disease has made a direct impact on the economy and even the political atmosphere in most sub-Saharan nations. The women and children have suffered most as they have not only been victims of circumstance but also of political turmoil and tribal wars. Medical attention has not been readily given and most of them are simply left to their own devices.
Typically, women used to have a lifespan longer than men. They would be less likely to consume alcohol and even strive to live healthier lives as they are child bearing and child rearing. However, this is not the case in most Sub-Saharan nations such as Zambia, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, Zimbabwe and the like. AIDS infection in these parts of the world average around fifteen to twenty percent (15 to 20%). This becomes even higher in certain Southern Regions as the rate of infection rises to higher than 20%. This means that 2 out of 10 people are living with an AIDS infection in these parts of the world.
A statistic like this can make for a disastrous outcome when it comes to life expectancy and mortality rates. Needless to say, there would no longer be a need for senseless massacre as the epidemic is doing its job just fine. Medical care is not of the greatest quality and maternal death in the region is at an all time high.
Children and infants are the most affected as a result of high maternal deaths. This is because of the lack of care being given to the child and also the scarcity of supplies to feed them well. The mother to child modes of transmission does not always happen to all pregnant and gestating women. However, the possibility of infecting the child is ever present as the mother still has to feed the child her breast milk.
Another issue that draws attention is the state of the orphans when one or both parents have been killed. In these areas, it is not unusual to have large number of children that needs to be taken care of. This concern has alarmed several groups and organizations as to their living conditions. Children left as orphans can no longer be taken in by distant relatives as they too are either afflicted with the disease or are too poor to take care of another mouth.
This dilemma has been addressed in various forums and events yet governments in these countries seem to be taking an idle stand. They would rather watch and wait for help to come without making an effort of their own. Most leaders in this continent are just simply too overwhelmed with the AIDS epidemic.