Aids Prevalence In ASIA
It was not until the early 1990’s that human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was felt in the Asian regions it. Though the rest of Europe and the United States were already sounding the alarm of the virus’ rapid growth, Southeast Asia seemed to be oblivious to the danger up ahead. However, it was during the decade of the 90’s that cases of AIDS were being reported in countries in the Asia-pacific region.
Recently, studies have shown that approximately 5 million people all over Asia are affected with full-blown AIDS. The number is staggering high and the rate to which is could exponentially grow is even staggering. This is because most cases are found in metropolitan areas where they both live and work. The human interaction in these places is common and it cannot be helped for the virus to be spread in one way or another. This is why awareness campaigns are frequently launched to give a better understanding of how to deal with and be cautious of this dreaded disease.
Another major headache for World health officials is that most cases of HIV/ AIDS reports are percentage based. They may seem to have a very low incidence when it is initially read on paper yet it presents a different scenario when actual numbers come into play. For example, China has a very low incidence rate of 0.001%. This can be easily dismissed as the percentage is very low, however, the fact that china has a Billion to 1.5 billion populations would make the actual number an astonishing 1million confirmed cases.
This is why though Asia is relatively low in prevalence and in incidence cases; steps are being made to further enforce the Aids Awareness Campaigns launched over the region. This is not an easy task to do as religious and cultural barriers seem to be the largest obstacles that prevent information campaigns to be effective. It is also good to note that most Southeast Asian countries lack the funds and means to effectively combat the disease.
The World Health Organization along with many other non-government organizations is rallying their efforts in tandem with the local governments to help curb the spread of HIV among young children and women. This has been the main priority as it is common knowledge that women and children are often neglected and abused by men as heads of the household. This makes them vulnerable to abuse and most of the time sexual abuse is rampant in most far flung areas.
The real danger of AIDS lies in the fact that most infected individuals live in areas where they interact and mingle with the general populace. If the patient is unaware of infection, there is a tendency he will be able to infect several other unsuspecting people by means of unprotected sex or even by donating his blood or blood products. For this reason, there has been a more aggressive campaign on AIDS aimed primarily to urban areas and in schools.